Tuesday, January 7, 2020

Tanzanias Climate Essay - 929 Words

Tanzanias Climate Tanzania represents a wealth of ecological diversity, ethnic diversity, and geographical diversity. It contains both the tallest mountain in Africa as well as the largest lake, and is a tourist hotspot for safaris and expeditions to Mt. Kilimanjaro. The citizens of Tanzania are utterly dependent on the weather for their two major businesses, agriculture and tourism. Thus, the climate of Tanzania is worth examining in greater detail. Tanzania has two distinct seasons, wet and dry. However, the northern region of Tanzania can experience two wet seasons, the longest of which spans from March to May and the shortest from November to December. The March to May period is known as â€Å"the long rains†, during which†¦show more content†¦The land of Tanzania, apart from Mt. Kilimanjaro, is relatively flat, with part of the East African plateau of about 1200 m above sea level making up most of the geography. Therefore, topographic influences do not play much of a part in regulating the creation of storm fronts there. The climate, while tropical, is best described as semi-arid, with average temperatures between 76 to 85 degrees Fahrenheit. When I recorded Tanzania’s weather (specifically that of its capital, Dodoma) for ten weeks, I noticed very little precipitation (less than one inch during the ten weeks). It is true that the country was at that time undergoing its dry season, but the absolute lack of precipitation was surprising to me. The stark contrast between the dry and wet seasons can have severe consequences. If the wet season begins with a sudden, heavy rainfall, there is a large danger of damage to the crops, since â€Å"the vegetation cover is often scanty, so that there is little protection against soil erosion when the rains start† (Nieuwolt 241-250). In March of 1973, such a situation occurred and the sudden start to the rainy season washed away an entire season’s worth of crops, to the devastation of the agricultural economy (Nieuwolt). Soil erosion is a prevalent problem in Tanzania, not only to farmers but also to the general populace, who might just find their homes washed away with the first rainfall of the wet season. At this time, little is being doneShow MoreRelatedImproving Agriculture For Self Reliance Kim839 Words   |  4 Pages(Kim, 1986). The unfair International market trade against African nations (Collie, Gunning, 1999), the increased currency devaluation (Nyerere, 1985; Cronin, 2014), trade restrictions, and high tariffs hampered foreign export of Tanzania. The climate change, on the other hand, accompanied by frequent drought, drove the country to a severe hunger in the early 1970s (Nyerere, 1985, and the economic failure. 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